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At the end of November 2018, after concluding a 17-month negotiation with the EU, May presented to the House of Commons a draft agreement on a future relationship with Europe. [64] Therefore, the first use of meaningful voting was scheduled for December 11, 2018. [65] On February 12, 2019, Theresa May made a statement in the House of Commons on the government`s progress in securing a withdrawal agreement. [87] On February 14, a vote on an amendable motion followed, stating: „That this Assembly welcomes the Prime Minister`s statement of February 12, 2019; reiterates its support for the exit approach expressed by this House on 29 January 2019 and notes that negotiations between the UK and the EU on the backstop for Northern Ireland are still ongoing. When the bill was introduced on the 20th. In June, the government offered new concessions. The concessions meant that the government won by 319 votes to 303: a majority of 16. [61] [62] „Every question of whether Brexit will take place has been closed.” Shadow Housing Minister @JohnHealey_MP issued a statement explaining why he abstained from the MCA today: t.co/tfCloGxTal On September 4, the Benn Bill passed by 329 votes to 300 at second reading; a 22nd Conservative, Caroline Spelman, voted against the government`s position. [123] Later in the day, MPs rejected Johnson`s request to call a general election in October, failing to secure the two-thirds majority required by the Parliaments for a Fixed Term Act by a vote of 298 to 56. Labour MPs abstained.

[124] There was an amendment to the bill in the remaining phases. This was proposed by MP Ian Blackford and suggested that a third reading of the bill was rejected because the Scottish people voted overwhelmingly to remain in the European Union. This proposal was rejected by 329 votes to 62. This is by BBC political correspondent Iain Watson. He said up to 30 Labour MPs abstained this afternoon or stayed away from the vote on the Brexit bill. On January 9, 2019, the government revised the schedule for the cancellation of the December 11, 2018 vote. [70] The agreement also provides for a transitional period until 31 December 2020 and can be extended once by mutual agreement. During the transition period, EU law will continue to apply to the UK (including participation in the European Economic Area, the Single Market and the Customs Union) and the UK will continue to contribute to the EU budget, but the UK will not be represented in EU decision-making bodies. The transition period will give businesses time to adjust to the new situation and give THE UK and EU governments time to negotiate a new EU-UK trade deal.

[17] [18] As expected, the bill comfortably passed third reading in the House of Commons with a majority of 99 points. The 330 votes in favour were conservative. Six Labour MPs voted in favour of the bill – Sarah Champion, Rosie Cooper, Jon Cruddas, Emma Lewell-Buck, Grahame Morris and Toby Perkins. Here is Lewell-Buck`s speech in which she says it was with a heavy heart that she decided she could not vote with the Labour Party. `application for withdrawal from the European Union` means an application made on behalf of a Minister of the Crown pursuant to article 13(1)(b) of the Withdrawal from the European Union Act 2018; and „allotted day”: a day when the first government task is the request for withdrawal from the European Union. Following further negotiations between the UK and the EU, a revised withdrawal agreement was concluded on 17 October. [135] Two days later, an extraordinary session of parliament was held on Saturday (dubbed „Super Saturday” by the media) to debate the new deal. [136] [137] [138] MEPs passed the second Letwin Amendment 322 to 306, which denied Parliament`s approval until legislation implementing the agreement was passed and forced the government to ask the EU to postpone Brexit until January 31, 2020. [139] The amended motion was then passed by MPs without a vote, as the government effectively accepted defeat. [140] On October 21, the Speaker of the House of Commons, John Bercow, rejected a government request to vote on the Brexit deal, citing its earlier decision to withdraw it.

[141] MPs voted on the government`s withdrawal agreement at second reading. With Boris Johnson`s majority of 80, the bill passed with 358 votes in favour and 234 against with a comfortable majority. Labour MP Keir Starmer has called on Conservative MPs who want Britain to remain in the EU to vote with Labour for the Lords` amendment when the bill is sent back to the House of Commons,[36][37] and former Labour Prime Minister Gordon Brown suggested that May could be replaced by a new Conservative prime minister if she lost the vote. [38] Prominent Conservative Amber Rudd called on her party`s MPs to support the government in the vote. [36] On February 27, 2019, the House of Commons voted on an amendable motion that reads as follows: „That this House comply with the Prime Minister`s statement on withdrawal from the European Union of February 26, 2019. February 2019; and further notes that talks between the UK and the EU are still ongoing. December 2019: MPs back Johnson`s Brexit bill by a majority of 124 votes The UK Parliament approved the draft deal at the time by enacting implementing legislation (the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020) on 23 January 2020. Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom published and deposited the British Instrument of Ratification of the Agreement on 29 January 2020. [7] [8] The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020, after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union entered into force on 31 January 2020 at 11 .m GMT, and on that date the Withdrawal Agreement under Article 185 entered into force.

The agreement defines the goods, services and associated processes. It argues that any goods or services lawfully placed on the market before leaving the Union may continue to be made available to consumers in the United Kingdom or in the Member States of the European Union (Articles 40 and 41). On 18th April 2017 Theresa May announced the holding of an early general election for 8th June 2017[11], with the aim of strengthening her position in the Brexit negotiations. [12] This led to a „suspended parliament” in which the number of Conservative seats rose from 330 to 317, although the party won its largest share of the vote since 1983, prompting it to negotiate a confidence and supply agreement with the Democratic Unionist Party (DUP) to support a minority government. .

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